The Purpose of Doctrine is Not Church Growth (or, A Correction to @RNS)
Tom Krattenmaker over at Religion News Service wrote the following a while back in a piece unfortunately titled, “Why a stout theological creed is not saving evangelical churches”:
For many years now, it’s been treated as common knowledge in some circles that the liberal beliefs of mainline churches have been the instruments of their decline. As the story goes, if you want to know why the Episcopalians, Lutherans and others like them have suffered precipitous drops in members and cultural clout since the 1960s, you need look no further than their acceptance of society’s changing sexual mores, women’s equality and so on.
Conservative churches and their strict, unbending doctrine, we’re told, are why they have held onto, and have even grown, their numbers.
The whole piece is worth a read, only so you can follow me as I dissect it. The bottom line: this is not so much a piece of helpful analysis as it is a thinly veiled exercise in schadenfreude (rejoicing in someone else’s misery) by someone who is attempting to be a leading “secular” voice. In other words, he’s simply rejoicing that his enemy (religion) appears to be in retreat.
A few points:
- The headline – “a stout theological creed” is misleading. Free churches, represented by the Southern Baptists he cites, are non-creedal. A journalist of religion should have better grasp on the language of religious practice and denominational history than this.
- The confusion of doctrine and social ethics is unhelpful. Evangelicals make it too, and I’ve talked about it before. But all the historical creeds deal with primary doctrine: the nature of God, the resurrection of Christ, etc. It’s hard to know if Mohler and Moore, as quoted, are talking about basic doctrine or ethics, but this confusion of terms from the outset is problematic. Liberal theology and progressive social policy are not the same thing.
- There are evangelicals who are not Southern Baptists. What Krattenmaker does not account for is the degree to which an even more precipitous mainline decline is hindered because of a remnant of evangelicals in denominations like the UMC.
- Krattenmaker seems to have no sense of the global religious scene. The church is growing rapidly in the developing world, and their Christianity is not the progressive Protestant variety he seems to prefer. The American Church as a whole may be declining, but the growing global church is largely evangelical and, especially, charismatic.
The point of Christian doctrine is not church growth but identity. The value of creedal Christianity is not a guarantee of growth but the blessing of a tradition not invented last week. There is a “faith once delivered” (Jude 6), there are certain truth claims that are constitutive of Christian worship and piety. Churches and religions that can pass on their particular faith stories to young people effectively tend to retain more of the next generation. On this, research by Christian Smith and others is clear that Mormons and evangelicals tend to do this well, while mainline Protestants and Catholics tend to do this badly. Even in the largest of the Mainline denominations, the UMC, the fastest-growing churches tend to be evangelical. Krattenmaker and others might not like this fact – Progressive Methodists invent new levels of obfuscation every time these statistics come out – but it makes it no less true.
I can appreciate that Krattenmaker wants to be an emerging voice for “secular” people. (Although, most folks I know who are secular don’t identify that way.) But this is self-serving narrative masquerading as informed analysis. Something that says “Religion News Service” at the top of the page should have better standards.